CBSE Class 12 Syllabus for Economics

CBSE Board exams will begin after February 15, 2019. CBSE will conduct the board exams for the vocational subjects first and then the core subjects’ exams will be held. As per the latest news, CBSE Date Sheet 2019 is expected to be released in the fourth week of December 2018. There are 15 vocational subjects in Class 10 while 40 skill education subjects have been offered for class 12. There are also some other subjects such as Graphics, Office Communication, Web Applications which have less than 500 students. The core subjects include Hindi, English, Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics, Languages etc.

Economics is one of the subjects in the core subjects. Economics is an optional subject. The syllabus of Economics is divided into three parts i.e. Part-A, Part-B, and Part-C. These parts are also subdivided into various units. So, there are four units in Part A, five units in Part B, but Part C does not have any unit. The name of Part A is Introductory Microeconomics, Part B is named as Introductory Macroeconomics, and Part C is known as Project work.


In terms of marks, the subject is partitioned into two sections. The first section is the theory and the second section is the practical exam. Theory Section contains 80 marks while for the practical exams 20 marks have been given. The total exams must be finished in three hours.

Coming to these parts A, B, C, the parts have some particular number of marks. Part A contains 40 marks, Part B 40 marks and Part C has 20 marks.

Part A and B

Talking about the units, there a total of 9 units in the Economics syllabus. Unit – 1 is named as Introduction, Unit – 2 is Consumer’s Equilibrium and Demand, Unit – 3 Producer Behaviour and Supply, Unit – 4 Forms of Market and Price Determination under Perfect Competition with Simple Applications, Unit – 5 National Income and Related Aggregates, Unit – 6 Money and banking, Unit – 7 Determination of Income and Employment, Unit – 8 Government Budget and the Economy, and the last Unit – 9 is Balance of payments.

Part A should be completed in 100 periods. The teachers should complete the first unit in 8 periods, second unit in 32 periods, the third unit is also in 32 periods and the fourth unit in 28 periods. For unit 5, the teachers should take 28 periods, unit 6 in 25 periods, unit 7 in 27 periods, unit 8 and 9 in 15 units.

The Central Board of Secondary Education has also given the number of marks for the various units. So, unit one takes 4 marks, unit two and three 13 marks, unit four and five 10 marks, unit six 6 marks, unit seven 12 marks, and unit eight and nine 6 marks.

Part C

Part C is the project work. It contains 20 marks. In this part, the development of the project must be done. There are no units in part c.

The board has also provided the names of the prescribed books for the convenience of the schools and the students. So, the prescribed books are the Statistics for Economics, Class XI, NCERT, Indian Economic Development, Class XI, NCERT, Introductory Microeconomics, Class XII, NCERT, Macroeconomics, Class XII, NCERT, and Supplementary Reading Material in Economics, Class XII, CBSE.